Panel discussions - Part 1

Competitiveness : the taste for taxes – Amphi Harmonie Mutuelle

French despair over excessive taxation is unfortunately based on a sad reality: our country has the second-highest tax burden in Europe, just after Denmark. And this is even more true for companies than it is for households. Tax and social security deductions are confiscatory, and 63% higher than the global average. According to a World Bank report, French SMEs spend two thirds of their revenue on payment of taxes. The ISF and inheritance taxes are also destroying companies and jobs each year in France. Our tax system is archaic and strangles producers and those who create. So when is the always promised and always postponed tax revolution going to take place? When will we finally get a tax system that promotes growth?

  • Is there such a thing as a good tax?
  • But where exactly is it?
  • Lower taxes and better public services – an impossible equation?
  • How to reconcile fiscal adjustment measures and corporate competitiveness?
  • Combating fraud and tax evasion? Companies as partners of government?
  •  How to loosen the vice of high rates?
  • The same tax for the same income – utopia or reality?
  • What tax system to encourage saving?
  • Social VAT – a good or bad idea?
  •  How to decentralise income tax?
  • Is taxation the best way of reducing inequalities?
  • The United Kingdom, Ireland, Luxembourg, Monaco, Andorra, Malta, Gibraltar – is Europe an ideal destination for tax exile?


  • Gérald Darmanin : Minister of Action and Public Accounts
  • Jean David Chamboredon: CEO, ISAI investment fund and leader of the Mouvement des Pigeons
  • Michel Didier: President of COE-Rexecode, honorary professor of the CNAM
  • Elisabeth Ducottet: CEO, Thuasne
  • Sophie de Menthon : President of the Ethic Mouvment

Smashing glass ceilings once and for all – Hall d’honneur

Since 1 January 2017, companies must comply with mandatory equal opportunity quotas. And yet the glass ceiling that impedes the professional development of women, who represent more than half the working population in France, still appears to be very much intact. The statistics are categorical: in equivalent posts, women's pay is still significantly lower than that of men. Everywhere, in economic, public and political spheres, there are also less and less women in the upper echelons of management structures. This can be seen by simply checking the latest primaries of parties on both right and left. And Hillary Clinton on the day after her defeat said: "I know we have still not shattered that highest and hardest glass ceiling, but some day someone will and hopefully sooner than we might think right now." Glass ceilings affect not only women but also visible minorities, immigrants, young people from disadvantaged neighbourhoods and the disabled, not to mention all those who cannot or have difficulty managing social conventions. And far from being confined to France, the phenomenon is international. So how can we finally smash all glass ceilings and allow everyone to express their talent?

  • History, culture, education, family choices – where does the fault lie?
  • How can we put an end to self-censorship?
  • How can we overcome inequality of opportunity?
  • Why is the legislative arsenal ineffective?
  • Aren't quotas by their very nature an admission of defeat?
  • Is business creation the solution?
  • How do those who succeed do it?


  • Véronique Forge: founder of, an international magazine which aims to give women entrepreneurs the keys to professional success.
  • Ryadh Sallem: Paralympic champion, entrepreneur and President of EDUCAP CITY which works to make young people aware of disability issues and teaches citizenship values.
  • Jean-Marc Mormeck: Former World Boxing Champion, Interdepertmental Delegate for Equal Opportunities for French overseas
  • Paule Arcangeli: Director of Human Resources, AG2R
  • Stéphanie Gicquel : Lawyer and extreme sportswoman, runner on ultra-distance

Who will have the crazy idea of reinventing school? - Plénière Malakoff Médéric

Despite reform after reform, France continues to tumble down the international rankings that compare education systems. While we're busy advocating the arrival of the knowledge society, more and more children are unable to master the fundamentals, and reach secondary school without being able to read, write or count. Where does that leave the teaching of economics?! Our education system certainly works well for a small elite, but abandons an increasing number of weak students at the wayside. How can we explain this underperformance and what can we do to get things back on an even keel? How can we re-motivate teachers faced with increasingly challenging classes? Most importantly of all, how can we cultivate differences and allow each student to find a path of excellence and to build their self-confidence?

  • How much credit should be given to international rankings?
  • What role do schools have in today's society?
  • Are French schools adapted to the world of the 21st century?
  • Democratic ideal vs educational competition?
  • Can we ask schools to replace the family and teach moral values as well as educate?
  • What exactly is the point of culture?
  • Economics: how and with whom should curricula be revised?
  • Authoritarianism is dead, long live authority!
  • Montessori, Freinet, Steiner-Waldorf, Decroly – how should we view alternative teaching methods?
  • How can we re-establish trust between teachers and the parents of students?
  • MOOCs, webinars and online classes – do we still need school to learn?
  • Should we do away with marks?
  • How can we overhaul the apprenticeship system and reach the target of 500,000 apprentices in 2017?
  • Confidence and self-esteem – the Danish example


  • Andreas Schleicher: Director of the Directorate of Education and Skills, OECD, and founder of the PISA scoring system
  • Blanche Lochmann: Chair, Société des agrégés
  • Peter Bichara: CEO, Siemens France
  • Jacques Richier: CEO, Allianz France
  • Jean-Michel Blanquer : Minister of the nationale Education (TBC)

Open innovation for a better vision of the future – Amphi Tocqueville

« Continually designing new products and services, reinventing customer relations, always getting faster... in the face of these challenges caused by digital transition, many more businesses are tempted by Open Innovation, which is based on the free sharing of knowledge, collaboration and the ODOSOS spirit (Open Source, Open Data, Open Standards). Whereas in the past companies sought to protect their inventions and discoveries at all costs and cultivated confidentiality and industrial secrecy, now, in order to keep up with the frenetic pace of innovation, they prefer suggestion boxes and idea competitions, business social networks, shared platforms, beta-testers and partnerships with start-ups in a “Give and get” spirit. A new knowledge market has therefore sprung up in which researchers, employees, suppliers, clients and sometimes even competitors work together. But is it always a win-win operation for everyone?

  • Why are more and more large companies being tempted by open innovation?
  • Is open innovation a way of outsourcing risks?
  • A virtuous exchange or a fool's bargain?
  • How to develop an open, collaborative culture
  • How to make all staff ambassadors for innovation
  • Is open innovation compatible with ‘economic intelligence’?
  • What are the legal tools for protecting open innovation?
  • How does open innovation change the frontiers of business?
  • How to ensure it is accepted internally
  • Is open innovation possible in all areas?
  • How can it be financed? »


  • Fiamma Ferrero: Cofounder and CEO of Inwibe
  • Martin Duval : President and Founder of Bluenove Group
  • Dominique Restino : President of CCI Paris, Vice-President of CCI “Ile-de-France”
  • Muriel Barnéoud : Director of the Social Engagement at La Poste
  • Edward Arkwright: Executive Director, ADP Group
  • Benoît Bailliart : Member of The Camp