Panel discussions - Part 2

Religion, the comeback ? – Hall d’honneur

Andre Malraux might have declared "the 21st century will be spiritual or will not be", but in today's world of noise, rage and agitation, what role does the religious person really play? Has God become the ultimate key for understanding the upheavals of the modern world? Do religions fill a social void as suggested by Marcel Gauchet? Wearing of the burqa, and La Manif Pour Tous movement opposed to same-sex marriage – religion has also emerged in public debate and in the media, around highly emotive issues. Everywhere in the world, fanatics kill in the name of God and religion has become a pretext for vague hegemonic impulses. Does the return of religion reflect a crisis in the legitimacy of our democracies struggling with economic crises? How can we combat these trends?

  • Returning to religion or resorting to religion?
  • Awakening of identity or search for meaning?
  • How can we explain the return of evil in the name of God?
  • Does God love war, and are all religions inherently violent?
  • How should we react in the face of barbarity?
  • How can we combat religious extremism and the pathology of certainty?
  • How can we re-establish and intensify dialogue and acceptance of otherness?
  • What role for secularism in the current context?
  • What role should companies play in relation to religious teachings?


  • Rivon Krygier: Rabbi of the Adath Shalom Community
  • Anouar Kbibech : President of CFCM
  • Mgr Jean-Luc Brunin: Bishop of Le Havre, President of the Family and Society Council of the Conférence Episcopale Française (CEF)
  • Fatima Achouri : Consultant, specialist in the religion within companies
  • Laurent Bataille : CEO of Poclain Hydraulics, President of EDC

How polluted is planet Net? – Plénière Malakoff Médéric

3.42 billion Internet users, or 46% of the world's population, 2.31 billion registered users of social media, and a constantly rising penetration rate, including in the least developed countries – the Internet is everywhere and today it's impossible to imagine our lives without the web. But while, 26 years after it first appeared, the advantages of the Internet have been clearly demonstrated, it's not a world without danger. Far from it. Spam, disinformation, hacking, phishing, viruses of all kinds, Trojan horses, hoaxes, skimmers, crimeware and spy software – cybercrime takes many forms and the number of cyberattacks doubles from year to year. According to the French Ministry of the Interior, no fewer than 24,000 attacks were foiled in France in 2016. Companies and SMEs in particular are the favoured targets, but as it becomes more international, cybercrime also threatens political relations and military systems. Other dangers of the Net include cyberdependence and cyberinfluence which threaten the most vulnerable in our society. Young people in particular are falling prey to all kinds of predators: voyeurs, paedophiles, extremists, etc. How did we get here? And what should be done to take back control?

  • Regulating the Internet – is it already too late?
  • Cybercrime, cyberporn and cyberdependence – what form of cyberdefence against these new dangers?
  • Are the laws and regulations of the real world effective and sufficient?
  • Who are today's cyberpolice?
  • What governance for a space without borders?
  • Should walls be built in cyberspace?
  • How can companies protect themselves?
  • Disconnecting – is it still possible?


  • Robert Vassoyan: CEO of Cisco France
  • Eric Léandri: CEO of Qwant
  • Polyanna Bigle: Lawyer, Director of Security and Dematerialization of the firm “Lexing Alain Bensoussan Avocats”
  • Isabelle Falque-Pierrotin: Chair, CNIL
  • Guillaume Poupard : General Director of the National Agency for Infomation Systems Security (ANSSI)

Wars and peace – Amphi Harmonie Mutuelle

"Will the age of wars end in an orgy of violence or in a gradual pacification?" asked Raymond Aron in his book "Peace and War: A Theory of International Relations". Where are we today? It's true that few generations have known such a long period of peace as those born in the West just after 1945. While war between major powers does indeed appear to belong to the past, war continues to exist and has never ceased: water wars, conflict minerals, interethnic and religious wars, terrorism, economic wars, civil wars, and so on. Latent sources of tension could also generate new conflicts. What might the future of war and peace therefore look like in the coming decades? Has winter come as Garry Kasparov fears, and could another Sarajevo shatter our world?

  • Is the warrior instinct an intrinsic part of human nature?
  • Are new geopolitical power struggles a threat to peace?
  • Have we crossed the red line with the Syrian tragedy?
  • Reducing defence budgets – to what level?
  • Is war still "nothing more than the continuation of politics by other means"?
  • Are peace missions effective?
  • What role can the UN still play?
  • Keeping the peace – the role of companies?
  • Si vis pacem, para bellum – is it still true?
  • The economic impact of wars and peace
  • Is it moral to do business in countries at war?


  • General Denis Mercier: Supreme Allied Commander, Nato
  • Vice-Amiral Anne Cullère : Deputy Chief of Staff for Naval Operations
  • Nicole Gnesotto : Professor of the “European Union: Institutions and Policies”/ Chairperson of the Board of Directors of The Institute of Higher Studies of National Defense
  • Paul Hermelin : CEO de Cap Gemini
  • Hervé Guillou : CEO of Naval Group (TBC)

Seeing even bigger – Amphi Tocqueville

"Soaring population growth in certain regions of the globe, diminishing resources, climate change, the need for more satellites to support robotics – everything points towards reviving the conquest of space. Previously the exclusive preserve of the two superpowers that were the United States and the Soviet Union, space is now of interest to a growing number of countries and companies. What are the challenges? What forms of international cooperation and coordinated programmes might be possible? Will we have to, as Jeff Bezos believes "use space to save the Earth?"

  • Has the Earth become too small?
  • Where are today's space programmes?
  • The conquest of space – a necessity or simply an indicator of power?
  • A colony on Mars and moon village – Utopia or a not-too-distant reality?
  • Will we soon be taking our holidays in space?
  • How can we live for long periods in weightlessness?
  • Space – at what price?
  • Space debris, rocket pollution – what ecological impact?
  • SpaceX, Virgin Galactic, Masten Space Systems – what does the arrival of the private sector change?
  • Commercial objective or scientific vocation?
  • What about exoplanets?
  • Are we alone in the Universe?


  • Jean-Loup Chrétien: Astronaut, Senior VP, R&D (Tietronix Inc)
  • Jean-Yves Le Gall: President, CNES
  • Anne-Marie Lagrange: Research Director, CNRS, exoplanet expert
  • Roland Lehoucq: astrophysicist
  • Dirk Hoke : CEO of Airbus Defence & Space (TBC)