Panel discussions - Part 2

Short term vs long term: knowing how to anticipate the future - Plénière Malakoff-Médéric

In a world where everything's going increasingly fast, obsession with the present dominates the landscape. In politics, economics, the world of work and daily life, everything functions on a short-term basis and instantaneousness now appears to be the norm. Fear of upsetting shareholders, fear of not being re-elected, fear of not reaching targets – urgency of action is ever-present and we too often forget to take the time to think and anticipate the future. But is a short-term vision enough? How can we cure ourselves of the short-termism disease?

  • Why this obsession with the short term?
  • Are we programmed for instantaneous gratification?
  • Is short-termism dangerous?
  • Is it responsible for all the problems affecting our economies and our democracies?
  • Does it have virtues?
  • Short-term action, long-term vision – how can we identify the critical path?
  • Balance or balancing?
  • From short times to long times – how can we rediscover the value of waiting?
  • Urgent issues and sustainable solutions
  • Short term or short sighted? Lessons from history
  • The companies banking on the long term


  • Jean-Louis Servan Schreiber: journalist and essayist, author of "Trop vite ! Pourquoi nous sommes prisonniers du court terme."
  • Emmanuelle Quilles: CEO, The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson
  • Pierre André de Chalendar : CEO, Saint-Gobain
  • Christian Schmidt de la Brélie: Executive Director, groupe Klésia
  • Sophie Boissard : CEO, Korian Group

Micro-enterprises to grow - Hall d’honneur

In 2016, 554,000 companies of all sizes were created in France, up 6% compared with 2015. But how many of them will manage to grow and become intermediate-sized enterprises or large groups? Setting up your own business is an incredible adventure, growing it a whole other challenge. And the figures unfortunately back this up: French SMEs find it hard to get bigger. France has only 4600 intermediate-sized enterprises compared with three times as many in Germany and twice as many in the United Kingdom. Why is this? Is it the overcautiousness of our business people, particularly when it comes to international markets? Is the environment too hostile and are labour costs too high? Is it too difficult to get funding? How can we help our companies prosper and grow?

  • Can a start-up be for life?
  • How can we overcome the Peter Pan syndrome?
  • How can we conquer fear of hiring and fear of failure?
  •  Is money too dear? How can expansion be financed?
  • How can we increase the number of business angels in France?
  • How can we transform our scientific and technological performance into industrial and commercial success?
  • Can the German model be exported to France?
  • International – instructions for use
  • Knowing how to sell and knowing how to sell yourself
  • How can we make investors dream?
  •  Start-ups and SMEs – how much solidarity with large companies?


  • Sandra Le Grand: Vice-president, Fondation Croissance Responsable, Founder of Kalidea
  • Gerald Lang: Associate Researcher, École Polytechnique, expert on German Mittelstand
  • Tanguy de la Fouchardière: CEO, France Angels
  • Gauthier Vignon: co-founder, Dagoma (3D printers)
  • Dr. Sabine Rohlff : Director Group Corporate Communication, BRITA Group

Long live "seniorpreneurs"! – Amphi Tocqueville

Being a senior and company founder isn't mutually incompatible and in fact an increasingly common phenomenon. According to the French Institute of Statistics, almost 16% of company founders are aged over 50 and this trend is likely to increase over the coming years. Why this sudden rise in senior entrepreneurship? According to a recent study by research company Altis, these older entrepreneurs are predominantly motivated by the desire for "self-realisation", independence and a firm commitment to stay active. In France, where there are more than 22 million seniors and where people will have to work into increasingly old age, it's clearly time to rethink the work of older employees and help them launch their own entrepreneurial ventures.

  • What economic weight do seniors have?
  • Who are the "seniorpreneurs"?
  • Why this interest in setting up companies?
  • A palliative for unemployment, remedy for social disengagement or a real desire to run their own business?
  • Secondary income or second career?
  • Are senior entrepreneurs more successful?
  • How can we encourage senior entrepreneurship?
  • Should age limits in companies be raised?
  • Should specific forms of assistance be devised?


  • Serge Guérin: sociologist and expert on issues related to the "seniorisation" of society
  • Michel Noir: CEO, SBT Group, Founder of Happy Neuron, Forme Mayor of Lyon
  • Valérie Accary: Force Femmes member, Presidente BBDO Paris and CLM BBDO
  • Alain Belais : Director general, Agence France Entrepreneur

A factory in each village - amphi Harmonie Mutuelle

Leaving the city to go live in the countryside or return to it – 50% of French people dream of it and say they're ready to take the plunge. Better quality of life, more space, cheaper housing – there's no lack of arguments, particularly as high-speed broadband and the Internet can now prevent isolation. However, the gap between dream and reality can be vast, particularly when it comes to professional life. How is it possible to "get back to nature" and still have a career? Setting up a business is clearly the solution. Another huge advantage of this trend is its power to combat depopulation of the countryside and revitalise regions by promoting their development and economic diversification. But is it easy to set up your own company in the countryside?

  • How can we liberate the spirit of enterprise in rural settings?
  • Assets and disadvantages of rural areas?
  • What are the buoyant business sectors?
  • Isolation, insufficient infrastructure, lack of available skills – how can these obstacles be overcome?
  • How can rural companies expand beyond small local markets and trade with the world?
  • What assistance and support to promote new rural companies?
  • Are all rural companies green?
  • How can we reindustrialise our regions?


  • Eric Michoux: CEO, Groupe Galilé
  • Hélène Puzin: co-founder of the magazine "Odette and Co : rurales mais pas ringardes", expert on rural development and project support
  • Philippe Mauguin : President of INRA
  • Alexandra François-Cuxac : President of FPI
  • Xavier Bertrand : President of the Hauts-de-France region
  • Jacques Mézard : minister of the Cohésion of Territories (TBS)